Periodontal & Dental Implant Services
Dental implants are used to replace missing teeth and roots. Implants are small titanium posts that are surgically placed into the jawbone where the teeth are missing. The implant integrates into the bone, acting as a tooth root substitute. Abutments, or connectors, are attached to the implant allowing for dental prosthetic attachments.
Tooth Extraction and Site Preservation
When a tooth is removed the natural wound healing process causes the surrounding bone to collapse and the jawbone to lose height and width. Site preservation at the time of extraction allows patients to maintain bone width and height after a tooth is lost. Bone graft material is added to the tooth socket at the time of tooth extraction to preserve the site. The bone graft material becomes part of the jawbone and allows for the placement of a dental implant or other prosthetics once the bone has matured.
Soft Tissue (Gum) Grafting
Soft tissue grafting is a procedure used to treat gum recession. Different factors such as gum thickness, tooth position, genetics, and brushing habits can cause recession of the gums. Gum recession is a progressive condition and without treatment will lead to further and further root exposure and loss of attachment. Exposed roots can easily decay and cause tooth loss. Gum grafting is used to add gum tissue onto the exposed roots. Gum tissue can be harvested from the roof of the mouth or taken from a donor graft. Soft tissue grafting can replace lost gum tissue, prevent further gum recession, and even improve the look of your smile.
Crown lengthening, or tooth elongation, is performed when there is not enough exposed tooth structure to place a filling or a crown. Crown lengthening is most commonly needed when a tooth has significant decay from a cavity or when the tooth fractures at the gumline. This procedure involves removing some gum and/or bone tissue around the tooth in a predictable manner to allow your dentist to place a filling or crown on the tooth.
Periodontitis, or gum disease, is a chronic illness that affects many adults from all walks of life. Due to its chronic nature, periodontal disease requires ongoing treatment to stabilize. At times surgical therapy is necessary to stabilize this condition. Different types of periodontal surgery exist to stabilize the loss of bone and gums around the teeth depending on the severity of the condition. A thorough exam of the gums in conjunction with a full mouth series of x-rays will indicate what type of periodontal surgery is best for your specific condition.
Similar to natural teeth, dental implants can suffer from gum disease and bone loss. When gum disease and bone loss occur around a dental implant, the process is called peri-implantitis. Peri-implantitis is a progressive condition that can result in loss of the dental implant and significant loss of the neighboring supporting bone. Much like periodontal surgery, many different types of peri-implantitis surgery exist based on the severity and extent of bone loss around the implant. A thorough exam of the gums and bone surrounding the dental implant will indicate what type of peri-implantitis surgery is best for your specific condition.
The smooth, pink skin lining the mouth is called mucosa. Abnormalities in the color, texture, size or shape of this skin can sometimes indicate a problem. Changes with the skin of the mouth, sores that do not go away, patches, lumps or bumps on the inside of the cheeks, palate, gums or lips should be biopsied so the tissue can be tested for oral cancer. Please do not ignore these warning signs and mention any concerns you may have during your visit.
An adequate bone volume of the jawbone is necessary for the secure placement, stability, function, aesthetics and longevity of implants. Because tooth loss can result in diminished bone volume in the jawbone, a bone grafting procedure may be necessary before implant placement. This procedure can increase the height and/or width of the jaw by adding bone to the deficient area. The ridge augmentation procedure takes several months to mature and be strong enough for the placement of implants. The augmentation procedure not only improves the function of implants but is also a key contributor to the enhanced aesthetics, filling in the face around the gums and jaw and thus minimizing the appearance of aging.
The maxillary sinuses are airspaces on the left and right side of the skull that exist near your cheek bones. The maxillary sinuses are there to lighten the skull, produce mucous, and help create the tone of your voice. A sinus lift is done to raise the level of sinus floor to a height that will allow for implant placement below the sinus cavity. It is often a requirement to be able to place implants to replace missing back teeth (premolars or molars) in the top jaw. The surgery includes placement of a bone graft and barrier to augment the maxillary sinus and achieve the bone height needed to place dental implants. Depending on the amount of native bone available, dental implants may be placed at the time of the sinus lift.